Heat Disorder Symptoms and How to Treat them

Since the weather is expected to climb to high temperatures this week, Patch would like to make sure you know how to identify heat disorders and how you should treat them.

Summer is in full effect, and has not been exempt from the hot Chicago area season. Temperatures are expected to reach triple-digit levels during the season, so we want to make life ridiculously easy for you by helping you identify heat-related illnesses with information courtesy of the National Weather Service.

  • SUNBURN: Redness and pain. In severe cases swelling of skin, blisters, fever, headaches. First aid: Ointments for mild cases if blisters appear and do not break. If breaking occurs, apply dry sterile dressing. Serious, extensive cases should be seen by physician.
  • HEAT CRAMPS: Painful spasms usually in muscles of legs and abdomen possible. Heavy sweating. First aid: Firm pressure on cramping muscles, or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue use.
  • HEAT EXHAUSTION: Heavy sweating, weakness, skin cold, pale and clammy. Pulse thready. Normal temperature possible. Fainting and vomiting. First aid: Get victim out of sun. Lay down and loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths. Fan or move victim to air conditioned room. Sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue use. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.
  • HEAT STROKE (or sunstroke): High body temperature (106 degrees or higher). Hot dry skin. Rapid and strong pulse. Possible unconsciousness. First aid: Move the victim to a cooler environment. Reduce body temperature with cold bath or sponging. Use extreme caution. Remove clothing, use fans and air conditioners. If temperature rises again, repeat process. Do not give fluids. Persons on salt restrictive diets should consult a physician before increasing their salt intake.

Need a place to stay cool?

, 3450 W 97th St, is serving as the village's cooling center until the temperature cools down. Residents may visit between 8 a.m.-10 p.m. this week.

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